Otto-von-Guericke-Universität Magdeburg

University Department of Neurology
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Memory and Consciousness


Prof. Dr. Alan Richardson-Klavehn

Student members

Angelika Blümel
Judith Kehl


Dr. Jasmin Kizilirmak
Dr. Catherine Sweeney-Reed 
Hannes Thürich

About our group

The Memory and Consciousness Research Group, led by Professor Alan Richardson-Klavehn, conducts research on the neural basis of human learning and memory, using a wide range of cutting edge techniques to measure and visualize the activity and structure of the living brain. These include 3T and 7T magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), magnetoencepalography (MEG), electroencephalography (EEG), intracranial recordings in patients with electrode implants in the thalamus and the nucleus accumbens for epilepsy therapy, and recordings in patients with electrode grids placed on the surface of the cortex for presurgical epilepsy monitoring. The group also carries on a parallel line of purely behavioural (psychological) research. The current major methodological emphasis of the group is on examining connectivity between different brain areas during memory formation and retrieval, using functional MRI, and in real time using measures of oscillatory synchrony in electrophysiological signals.

The name of the group reflects the fact that human learning and memory is not unitary, but consists of different subtypes, which are accompanied by different kinds of consciousness during memory formation and memory retrieval, and may have different neural substrates. Thus understanding of memory, consciousness, and brain are inextricably interlinked.


Current and past research themes of the group include:

Selected publications in Cognitive Neuroscience

Additional psychological publications here

Kizilirmak, J. M., Wiegmann, B., & Richardson-Klavehn, A. (2016). Problem solving as an encoding task: A special case of the generation effect. Journal of Problem Solving, 9, 59-76. doi: 10.7771/1932-6246.1182

Soch, J., Deserno, L., Assman, A., Barman, A., Walter, H., Richardson-Klavehn, A., & Schott, B. H. (2016). Inhibition of information flow to the Default Mode Network during self-reference versus reference to others. Cerebral Cortex, epub ahead of print. doi: 10.1093/cercor/bhw206

Sweeney-Reed, C. M., Zaehle T., Voges, J., Schmitt, F. C., Buentjen, L., Kopitzki, K., Richardson-Klavehn, A., Hinrichs, H., Heinze, H. J., Knight, R. T., & Rugg, M. D. (2016). Pre-stimulus thalamic theta power predicts human memory formation. Neuroimage, epub ahead of print. doi: 10.1016/j.neuroimage.2016.05.042

Sweeney-Reed, C. M., Zaehle T., Voges, J., Schmitt, F. C., Buentjen, L., Kopitzki, K., Richardson-Klavehn, A., Hinrichs, H., Heinze, H. J., Knight, R. T., & Rugg, M. D. (2016). Clinical, neuropsychological, and pre-stimulus dorsomedial thalamic nucleus electrophysiological data in deep brain stimulation patients. Data in Brief, epub ahead of print. doi: 10.1016/j.dib.2016.06.008

Sweeney-Reed, C. M., Zaehle T., Voges, J., Schmitt, F. C., Buentjen, L., Kopitzki, K., Hinrichs, H., Heinze, H. J., Rugg, M. D., Knight, R. T., & Richardson-Klavehn, A. (2015). Thalamic theta phase alignment predicts human memory formation and anterior thalamic cross-frequency coupling. eLife, 4, e07578, doi: 10.7554/eLife.07578.

Guggenmos, M., Thoma, V., Haynes, J. D., Richardson-Klavehn, A., Cichy, R. M., & Sterzer, P. (2015). Spatial attention enhances object coding in local and distributed representations of the lateral occipital complex. NeuroImage, 116, 149-157. doi: 10.1016/j.neuroimage.2015.04.004.

Kizilirmak, J. M., Galvao Gomes da Silva, J., Imamoglu, F., & Richardson-Klavehn, A. (2015). Generation and the subjective feeling of „aha!“ are indipendently related to learning from insight. Psychological Research. doi: 10.1007/s00426-015-0697-2

Guggenmos, M., Thoma, V., Cichy, R. M., Haynes, J.-D., Sterzer, P.*, & Richardson-Klavehn, A.* (2015). Non-holistic coding of objects in lateral occipital complex with and without attention. NeuroImage, 107, 356-363. *Equal contribution. doi: 10.1016/j.neuroimage.2014.12.013

Sweeney-Reed, C. M.*, Zaehle, T., Voges, J., Schmitt, F. C., Buentjen, L., Kopitzki, K., Esslinger, C., Hinrichs, H., Heinze, H.-J., Knight, R. T., & Richardson-Klavehn, A.* (2014). Corticothalamic phase synchrony and cross-frequency coupling predict human memory formation. eLife, 3, e05352. *Corresponding authors. doi: 10.7554/eLife.05352

Kizilirmak, J. M., Rösler, F., & Khader, P. H. (2014). Trial-to-trial dynamics of selective long-term-memory retrieval with continuously changing retrieval targets. Brain and Cognition, 90, 8-18. doi: 10.1016/j.bandc.2014.04.013

Daly, I., Faller, J., Scherer, R., Sweeney-Reed, C. M., Nasuto, S. J., Billinger, M., & Müller-Putz, G. (2014). Exploration of the neural correlates of cerebral palsy for sensorimotor BCI control. Frontiers in Neuroengineering, 7, e20. doi: 10.3389/fneng.2014.00020

Bergström, Z. M., Anderson, M. C., Buda, M., Simons, J. S., & Richardson-Klavehn, A. (2013). Intentional retrieval suppression can conceal guilty knowledge in ERP memory detection tests. Biological Psychology, 94, 1-11. doi: 10.1016/j.biopsycho.2013.04.012

Schott, B. H.*, Wüstenberg, T., Wimber, M., Fenker, D. B., Zierhut, K. C., Seidenbecher, C. I., Heinze, H.-J., Walter, H., Düzel, E., & Richardson-Klavehn, A.* (2013). The relationship between level of processing and hippocampal-cortical functional connectivity during episodic memory formation in humans. Human Brain Mapping, 34, 407-424. *Corresponding authors. doi: 10.1002/hbm.21435

Richardson-Klavehn, A., & Badenschier, F. (2013). Schon wieder dieses Wort - wie kommt das? (This word already again: How does that happen?). Answer to reader enquiry concerning psychological and brain processes of perceptual priming and conscious recollection in the German web portal (

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